The policy of a time zone is the legacy of British law imposed on the Indian colonial state, not only that, but it is also a symbol of strong cohesion. But not everyone believes that the Indian Standard Time Zone (IST) is a good idea.
India extends 3000 km from East to West with 30 Kinh Duong lines running through. This is equivalent to having two separate solar time zones that exist in this country territory. Geographically, this is similar to the state of New York and the state of Utah in the US, but in India, this is affecting more than a billion people, of which hundreds of millions of people are in poverty.
Due to such geographical conditions, the sun on the eastern edge of India will grow two hours earlier than the western side of the country. The reviewers have spent a lot of time discussing whether India should switch to using two time zones to make the most of daylight in East India because early sunrise and new dive are very much more than those in the west. Besides, people living in the eastern part also need to start using light earlier in the day, thus increasing the amount of electricity consumed.
Not only that, but the movement of the sun also has specific effects on our biological clock. When it gets dark, our bodies will begin to release hormones that cause melatonin drowsiness.
In his research report, Cornell economist Maulik Jagnani also argued that a time zone policy also reduces sleep quality, especially in disadvantaged children. He also affirmed that this is a factor that will adversely affect the quality of education.
And not only in theory, but this has also now become a reality. The length of study in schools across India has the same end time, but the children in the next dusk will have to go to bed later, which leads to lack of sleep. It is estimated that every sunset hour then will reduce the child’s sleeping time by 30 minutes.
Not only that, from the data collected from the Indian Bureau of Time Survey and the Indian National Bureau of Demographic and Health Survey, Mr. Jagnani found that the school-age children in the region had Late sunset often has a lower number of years of educational enjoyment and has a higher dropout rate from Primary and Secondary levels.
He also found evidence suggesting that lack of sleep affected by the movement of the sun will often be more present in the deficient group, especially in the period when households face Negative problems with finance. He believes that it is the economic difficulties that will prevent these family supporters from accessing ways to adjust and improve sleep quality.
In addition to material influence, he added: ” People in the poverty group also face psychological negativity such as stress, negative emotional states, and must increase awareness, all these issues will affect people’s decision-making functions. “
Mr. Jagnani also found that the child’s learning results also vary with the average yearly sunset time of each region, stretching from East to West, even if this result can change. For children in the same district. According to calculations, every one hour slower in the average annual sundown index will reduce 0.8 years of education for children, those who live in later sunset areas will be able to drop out at the Primary and Secondary level.
Also according to his estimates, if the country applies two separate time zones, UTC + 5 in the West Indies and UTC + 6 in the eastern part, India will accrue about $ 4.2 billion in human capital. annual force (equivalent to 0.2% of GDP).
The debate about whether to use a two-time time policy has emerged in India long ago. Tea gardens in the Northeastern part of Assam state have placed their watches an hour earlier than IST hours, which is considered their time zone. In the 1980s, a group of the investigator at a leading academy of energy industry proposed a time zone system to save energy. Then, in 2002, the government rejected a similar petition, citing the “complicated” name. And although there are many benefits, the two-time zone policies have their risks. For example, some experts expressed concern about the railway industry, when ships will have to change the time when traveling from one time zone to another.
Last year, public officials of the Indian government also proposed using two time zones, one zone for most of the territory, and the remaining region would be applied to eight other states, including seven states are located on the northwest edge of the country. These two time zones will be an hour apart.
Not only Mr. Jagnani, but researchers at India’s National Physics Laboratory also said that a time zone policy would ” seriously affect life ” by sunrise and diving earlier than the period Allowed time of working hours. They think that offices, schools, and colleges cannot make the most of daylight because the sun rises early, but now it is later. Not only will it affect life, the amount of electricity consumed to ” keep the life moving ” will be higher.